Lecture 1: Observing the universe at different wavelengths. From: radio wavelengths to gamma-rays.
1.1. Introduction.
1.2. The Earth’s atmosphere - Other sources of light contamination
1.3. 21st century Observatories
1.4. Gravitational waves and Gravitational waves observatories.
Lecture 2: Introduction on telescopes.
2.1. Basics on Telescopes
Refracting/Reflecting Telescopes - Size/Aperture/Diffraction/Pupil/Focal plane - Light-Gathering – Resolution – Magnification – Field of view – Surface brightness Scale – Signa-to-Noise ratio
2.2. Optical (and near-IR and -UV) Telescopes
Historical introduction: from Galileo to the next generation of telescopes –
Reflecting telescopes: types and examples.
Lecture 3: Introduction to radio telescope and radio-astronomy.
3.1. Radio Astronomy a brief introduction and history
3.2. Physics of radio sources
3.3. Astrophysical radio source
3.4. Radio telescopes
3.5. Radio interferometry
3.6. Interferometric radio telescopes
Lecture 4: Observing from space.
4.1. Why and how? - A brief history and a rapid overview – Orbits and Satellites - Challenges and Issues – Technologies.
4.2. UV – Gamma and R-rays sources and telescopes.
Lecture 5: Spectroscopes and spectroscopy.
5.1. Introduction to astrophysical instrumentation
5.2. Spectroscopy: Basics Layouts
5.3. Spectroscopes and data cubes
5.4. Quick Spectroscope history: From 2D spectroscopy to 3D spectro-imagery
5.5. Spectrographs et spectrometers: conceptual differences.
Lecture 6: Disperser Components.
6.1. Prisms
6.2. Diffraction
6.3. Gratings and Grisms
6.4. Fabry-Perot interferometers.
6.5. Michelson interferometers.
Lecture 7: Spectrographs.
7.1. Elementary ray optics - Energy flow (radiance and etendue)
7.2. Study of a spectrograph
7.3. Dispersers in a spectrograph: scale, resolution
7.3. The case of gratings – Littrow configuration
Lecture 8: Multi-objects spectrographs and Spectroimagers.
8.1. Back to Etendue Conservation
8.2. Multi-objects spectrographs
8.3. Spectroimagers.
Lecture 9: Active & adaptative optics
9.1 Effects of atmospheric turbulence
9.2 Adaptative and active optics: principles and technics
9.3 Wavefront analysis: concept and analysis
9.4 Direct and inverse problems: wavefront reconstruction, deconvolution
9.5 Applications.